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The Youth of the Littorio 2 PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledì 28 luglio 2021

“We shall create the «new Italian», an Italian who will not resemble yesterday's. Then the generations of those we educate today and create in our image and likeness will become: the legions of the Balilla and the Avant-gardists”.  Mussolini, April 21st, 1926

 

Membership of the Balilla National Movement grew exponentially from 1927 to 1934. Balilla membership rose from about 406,000 to almost two million, the Avant-gardists from just over 280,000 to about 536,000, the Little Italian Girls from 364,000 to 1,637,000, the Young Italian Women from over 100,000 to twice this number. In March 1935, Sons of the Wolf was formed, a formation that recruited males and females aged between 6 (or even less) and 8. The members of these organisations wore similar uniforms, basically inspired by those worn by adult fascists: a black shirt, grey-green military-style trousers, socks, boots and a fez as headgear. For female organisations, the basic uniform consisted of a white blouse, a black skirt, white stockings, black shoes and a cap or bag, both black. The orbace, a sturdy but coarse woollen fabric and another of the regime’s hallmarks, was also adopted by the young generations, in keeping with fascism’s determination to become self-sufficient in textile production.

 
The Youth of the Littorio 1 PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledì 28 luglio 2021

The Youth of the Littorio (Littorio - referring to bundle [fascio] of staves and an axe, a symbol of Roman authority, was adopted as a symbol by the fascists).

 

The creation of the "new Italian" was one of the regime’s primary objectives. It goes without saying that the younger generations of Italy were the natural subject for an ambitious policy at whose heart lay military training and preparedness. Although, mobilising the young was a feature of the movement as early as 1919, its first concrete expression is to be found in 1926 when the Balilla National Movement (Onb) was established, to be later replaced (in 1937) with the more ambitious Italian Youth of the Littorio (Gil). The Onb was run by municipal and provincial committees throughout Italy for the purpose of organising children aged between 8 and 14 (the Balilla) and teenagers between 14 to 18 (the Avant-gardists) into paramilitary and hierarchical organizations. The regimentation of girls in the same age groups began later, in 1929, with the setting up of, respectively, the Little Italian Girls and the Young Italian Women. Membership was voluntary, but the regime actively promoted affiliation by awarding scholarships.

 

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Black-shirted Italy PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledì 28 luglio 2021

Black-shirted Italy

Right from its constitution as a party in 1921, the Fascist Party reserved special attention to mobilising or regimenting the younger generations. After coming to power, Mussolini was obsessed with one objective: setting an anthropological revolution into motion that would regenerate the Italians’ character, deemed to have been corrupted by centuries of indolence and servility. The natural corollary to this was the need to generate a stifling consensus that invested every facet of everyday life. Thus, for example, fascism even scripted a liturgy of its own, a fundamental part of the Duce's totalitarian project. The name of the national paramilitary youth movement «Balilla» was universally adopted: from the school to the countryside, from furniture to cars while fascist liturgy became a fixed part of the commemorative national calendar. The regime also attempted to repurpose some religious holidays. Altogether, these rites were aimed at the young in order to engender a sense of belonging to the new fascist faith. Parading in uniform was viewed as a march towards the future, and the marches themselves marked stages in a "continuous revolution" aimed at laying the foundations for a "new civilization". But, naturally, the exaltation of fascist rituals and symbols went hand-in-hand with the regime’s determination to stamp out foreign habits and expressions that were extraneous to the supposed "Latin tradition".

 
La nostra mostra "I giovani sotto il fascismo" al MuSa di Salò! PDF Stampa E-mail
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martedì 01 giugno 2021
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Vi ricordiamo la possibilità di visitare la nostra mostra al MuSa di Salò! 
 
Qui alcuni scatti dell'allestimento:
 
 
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Brescia sotto le bombe (1940-1945) PDF Stampa E-mail
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martedì 02 gennaio 2018
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Da ormai due anni il Centro Studi Rsi di Salò è in giro per archivi italiani e esteri alla ricerca di materiale relativo ai bombardamenti sul nostro territorio bresciano. E da oltre un anno ha presentato il progetto per la mostra dal titolo "Brescia sotto le bombe" a vari enti istituzionali e non (come la Provincia di Brescia, ad esempio) per dare vita ad un'iniziativa espositiva corale. E le risposte positive non sono mancate! A breve, maggiori dettagli! Stay tuned
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Un quinquennio cruciale per la vita dei bresciani è quello che verrà esplorato nella mostra del Centro Studi Rsi di Salò dal titolo “Brescia sotto le bombe (1940-1945)” che sarà allestita a Palazzo Martinengo (Brescia) in collaborazione con diversi enti tra cui la Provincia di Brescia, la Città di Salò, ecc. Attraverso una raccolta di fotografie, oggetti, filmati ed ologrammi si ricostruirà quel periodo della nostra città e della nostra provincia tanto sofferto quanto lacerato da lutti e distruzioni. La mostra, che coinvolgerà in uno stage scuola/lavoro gli studenti della provincia come guide e guardianie, traccerà un percorso visivo-storico partendo dai preparativi anti-aerei messi in campo a Brescia all’ingresso dell’Italia nel conflitto mondiale, per arrivare ai tragici bombardamenti del 1944-1945 che apportarono profonde e dolorose ferite al nostro territorio. Tutto ciò sarà raccontato anche attraverso video-installazioni di testimonianze di bresciani. Si produrrà inoltre un duplice percorso espositivo uno per un pubblico adulto ed uno espressamente per i bambini. Entrambi i filoni narrativi avranno il supporto di un catalogo.
Ultimo aggiornamento ( martedì 02 gennaio 2018 )
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