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Un nuovo progetto per il Centro: Brescia riparte. 1945-1963 PDF Stampa E-mail
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martedý 26 ottobre 2021
 
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Dopo il successo delle mostre precedenti – con nostro orgoglio riallestite in trasferta anche oltre regione – il Centro Studi si propone di indagare la spinta propulsiva che ha generato all’indomani della fine della seconda guerra mondiale la ricostruzione a Brescia e, più in generale, in Italia. La nostra città, distrutta dai pesanti bombardamenti del 1944-’45, prontamente rinasce. Scommette sul futuro: il proprio e quello del Paese. Una «tensione ricostruttiva», quella di settant’anni fa, che si ripropone con forza oggi, nel momento dell’uscita dal dramma del Covid-19. Un primo campione di immagini e di documenti farà rivivere la ricostruzione in un’installazione artistica realizzata all’interno del Salone Vanvitelliano di Palazzo Loggia, visitabile dal 26 ottobre al 5 novembre prossimi. Gli spazi dell’installazione ricostruiranno per sommi capi la stagione febbrile della ripresa che avvia quella rivoluzione economica, sociale e civile passata alla storia come «miracolo economico». Si tratta di un iniziale affaccio espositivo che sarà possibile integrare e ampliare sia consultando il sito dedicato all’iniziativa (litaliariparte19451963.it) sia, soprattutto, visitando l’anno prossimo presso Palazzo Martinengo in città la mostra dedicata al tema. L’alto numero di visitatori che hanno frequentato le nostre precedenti iniziative – dedicate alla storia di Brescia, sempre debitamente inserita nel contesto nazionale – denota il grande interesse del pubblico per il proprio passato, per la propria storia, in particolare per la tenacia con cui i propri padri hanno saputo riprendersi dalle più tragiche avversità. Cittadini bresciani e di fuori provincia hanno manifestato un’attenzione che va ben oltre la curiosità di scoprire pagine di storia poco conosciute della propria terra. Hanno dimostrato anche un sincero afflato di conoscenza del proprio passato che è parte costitutiva dell’identità di ogni comunità. Come per gli anni precedenti, il Centro Studi in collaborazione con il «Giornale di Brescia» riserverà grande spazio al coinvolgimento, il più largo possibile, del pubblico attraverso i Collection Days.

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Youth camps PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledý 28 luglio 2021

Youth camps

 

Fascist pedagogy began with the body. Physical education, pre-military training, opportunities for healthy socializing - such as those experienced in the youth camps - all contributed towards the making of the "new Italian". The many initiatives taken by the Italian Youth of the Littorio occupy a place of honour in the context of the regime's demographic policy. The "physical and moral strengthening of the live forces of the nation" is specifically the aim of "climate therapy for children". Youth and even boot camps were set up throughout Italy in the 1920s. And not only at the sea and in the mountains, but also besides rivers and even in cities. The "scientific concept of the usefulness and efficacy of natural cures, of climate, air, and sun, in the fight against certain diseases and particularly against tuberculosis" was already widely discussed in the second half of the 19th century. The fascist regime made this ambitious project its own, adapting it to its plan to build a new type of Italian: healthy and virile: - in a word a true fascist. During the 1920s, the numbers of young guests continued to grow, reaching a total of 400,000 registered in 1933. In 1941 the buildings assigned to the camps came to the dizzying figure of 6,036 units while the children they hosted numbered 699,701.

 

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Sport 2 PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledý 28 luglio 2021

Sport

Before the first world war only the most privileged women received sports training. Women were deemed «too delicate» to undergo «the physical exertions and fatigue required by specialist training». The opposition to women participating in sporting events was, however, also the fruit of the moral sentiment of the times, that looked askance at the spectacle of women athletes competing in agonistic sports. Instead, women’s participation in agonistic sports was authorised in 1928 with the «Carta dello Sport» (the Charter of Sport). Basketball, fencing, skiing, golf, tennis had their own national women's championships inserted in European circuits. Swimming and roller skating were encouraged. University sports also took part in the 1932 Littoriali in Rome, and one year later also at the Turin University International Games. In 1938 there were 4,616 national events for a total of 111,415 participants.

 
Sport 1 PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledý 28 luglio 2021

Sport

In the name of the Littorio, the Duce also regimented sport. The "new Italian" must be the synthesis of thought and action, book and musket, culture and sport. Away with "bourgeois softness": this was the motto that informed the training of young people in the twenty-years of the regime. This and other watchwords were inspired by vitalism, the celebration of physical endeavours, extolled in the futurism of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and the derring-do of Gabriele D'Annunzio. And, of course, the regime mounted a massive programme of physical education. A special academy was set up to train physical education instructors. New gyms were built. Sport became a scholastic activity to which two hours a week were dedicated. In 1932 the Littoriali of Sport were introduced: athletic matches reserved to university athletes from the various Italian universities. These years also marked the commencement of major national competitions such as the Mille Miglia and the Giro d’Italia.

 
September 8th. The decision PDF Stampa E-mail
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mercoledý 28 luglio 2021

September 8th. The decision

 

After September 8th, 1943, the various divisions of the Italian army, which were fighting on several fronts, simply dissolved. There was a widespread and desperate search for civilian clothes in an effort to evade capture by the former German ally and return home. The disbanded soldiers embodied the drama of the Italians at the close of the war. The horror of death, the enormity of destruction and deprivation that touched the extremes of human endurance, to which was soon added the bitter certainty of imminent defeat, destroyed all the illusions fostered by fascism. War was now being waged on the nation’s soil with the German occupation, bombings, and the allies’ landings. The origins of the Resistance, whether "active" or "passive", which most Italians supported, can be explained not only by the failure of the regime, but also by the Italians’ weariness and their rejection of war. Yet there were those who opted, instead, for the uniform of Salò. These, the last arrivals among the ranks of fascism, would not accept the Duce’s removal, but above all, they were incensed by "the betrayal" perpetrated by the "felon king" who signed the armistice.

 
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